A sustainable development does not only mean a local perspective from urban and rural scenarios, it also requires macro-national and inter-national interconnections that transcend the local setting (understanding local as territorial, municipal or provincial) and achieve to establish more holistic interpretations and its possible insertion in broader dynamics. Thus, also guarantee the durability of its propositions and impacts. Local developments should not only mobilize local dynamics, but should also find mechanisms or insertion into the macro logics that surround them. The development model promoted in Old Havana constitutes an example of the impact a sustainable development perspective can have; where the economic and sociocultural objectives have been integrated. Nonetheless, this has also been the scenario of some fissures in its impact proposal, and they have accentuated expressions of inequality inside the territory. What are the role local public institutions should play as managers and promoters of the development strategies? What levels of autonomy should government structures have at a local level? What role must participatory processes play for achieving sustainability?